equality

Four Generations of Human Rights

Four Generations of Human Rights

In 1979 a Czech jurist Karel Vasak introduced the three generations of human rights. A close observation of these rights reveals that they correspond to the three tenets of the French Revolution: liberty, equality, and fraternity. There are two key reasons why they are termed as three ‘generations’ as opposed to ‘types’. One of the…

Equality and Social Justice

Equality and Social Justice

Equality is the soul of the Indian Constitution. Dr B.R. Ambedkar, while drafting the constitution, laid emphasis on equality of opportunity in education and employment. Following the same ideology, the BJP-led government in 2019 introduced the 124th Constitution Amendment Bill or the Reservation Bill for Economically Weaker Section of the Society. This Bill was passed…

No voting rights for prisoners: Delhi HC judgement

No voting rights for prisoners: Delhi HC judgement

The Delhi high court dismissed a PIL seeking voting rights for prisoners, it saw no reason to entertain the plea and hence dismissed it. The petition was regarding the constitutionality of the Sec 62(5) of the Representation of People Act, The election commission of India informed the Delhi High court that the prisoners do not…

Review of Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act, 2013

Review of Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act, 2013

“Manual scavengers engaged in cleaning job are no less than God as cleaning is next to God. But to their great grief, they are not even entitled to have a dignified life.” -Meera Manual scavenging refers to the practice of manually cleaning, carrying, disposing or handling in any manner, human excreta from dry latrines and…

Patriarchy Embedded in the Family Laws of India

Patriarchy Embedded in the Family Laws of India

It is not uncommon to predict that India’s roots are traditionally embedded in its culture and rituals. Values in India’s culture have played an eminent role in prescribing an identity, to every citizen of the country, discriminately. The principles attributed to a woman essentially restricts a woman’s primary role to maintenance of the household and…

Sabarimala case: 9 judge bench to decide if SC can refer legal issues in review jurisdiction

Sabarimala case: 9 judge bench to decide if SC can refer legal issues in review jurisdiction

In the famous case of Sabarimala temple, the 9 judge Constitution bench has upheld the decision of the Sabarimala Review Bench wherein the Supreme Court can refer to a large bench, considering it exercises only limited power, in its jurisdiction in the Sabarimala case. Due to the several objections raised by senior lawyers, the bench…

Women rights and status in India- Constitutional and legal perspectives

Women rights and status in India- Constitutional and legal perspectives

A woman is considered a cradle of human development. A woman is a key to the family, be it wife, daughter, sister or mother. It is also believed that if the family has a woman who is educated and knows her rights then ultimately the family will develop a sense of intellect and respectful status…

LGBTQ Rights in India

LGBTQ Rights in India

The word LGBTQ stands for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer. In the beginning, this community was known as “Gay Community” but it refers to men only. And the lesbians, transgenders, and bisexuals are not included in the gay community. So, the term LGBTQ was introduced. These people have different sexual orientations. Where sexual orientation…

Sabarimala reference: SG urges SC to consider reframing the issues

Sabarimala reference: SG urges SC to consider reframing the issues

A nine bench judge gave the directions in a reference made during the Sabarimala review petition; it said it will consider issues related to essential religious practices, the interplay between fundamental rights and faith, judicial review and other aspects. A reference is made by a court when there is reasonable doubt about a question of…

Impleadment in plea to allow  Muslim women to enter mosques

Impleadment in plea to allow Muslim women to enter mosques

On 27th January petitioner Ziya Us Salam a leading journalist requested the apex court for impleadment in a plea that would allow women to enter mosques, stating that neither the Quran nor the Hadith prohibits the entry of Muslim women in the mosques. In his petition, Ziya contended that while there is no explicit ban…

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