Rape is the fourth most common crime against women in India. The demonstration might be completed by physical power, or where the individual is under danger or control, or with a man who is unequipped for legitimate assent. As indicated by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) 2013 yearly report, 24,923 rape cases were accounted for crosswise over India in 2012. Out of these, 24,470 were carried out by somebody known to the victim (98% of the cases).
It seemed yesterday, when we were under the British crown until the midnight of August 14 of 1947, when the first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru announced during his speech about our freedom from the 190 years of British rule. When the whole world was sleeping, undivided Bharat was awakening out of joy of being free. That day, the Aazaan of Muslims and the bell of temples were heard at the same time. But, no one got offended, because, irrespective of religions, the prayers were heard.
Judicial reform is the complete or partial political reform of a country’s judiciary. Judicial reform is often done as a part of wider reform of the country’s political system or a legal reform. Judges in democratic countries are independent and impartial. An independent and impartial judiciary and a speedy and efficient system are the very essence of civilization.
landmark cases Madan Singh vs. State of Bihar section 2(k) of the Juvenile Justice The literal meaning of terrorism is the unlawful use of violence and intimidation, especially against civilians with an object to fulfil a political aim. Legally, it is both mala prohibita, which means the crime that made illegal by legislation and mala in se, which means crime that is inherently immoral or wrong. There is no universal definition for terrorism. Various agencies interpret the term with different definitions.
An honour killing or a shame killing is the homicide of a member of a family, due to the perpetrators’ belief that the victim has brought shame or dishonour upon the family, or has violated the principles of a community or a religion, usually for reasons such as refusing to enter in an arranged marriage, being in a relationship that is disapproved by their family, having sex outside marriage, becoming the victim of rape, dressing in ways which are deemed inappropriate.
res gestae’ may be defined as those circumstances which are the automatic & undersigned incidents of a particular litigator’s act & which are admissible when illustrative of such act. These incidents may be separable from the act by a lapse of time more or less appreciable. A transaction may last for weeks. The incidents may consist of saying & doing of any one absorbed in the event, whether participant or bystander: they may compromise things left undone as well as things done.”
landmark judgements Nowadays use and status of Triple Talaq in India is a subject of controversy and is connected to debate about a uniform civil code (Article 44) in India. Triple Talaq is a form of instant Islamic divorce also known as talaq-e-biddat and talaq-e-mughallazah especially by adherents of Hanafi Sunni Islamic schools of jurisprudence.
Majority of women employees do not report sexual harassment due to lack of confidence in the organization mechanism, low awareness about law and procedures, threat of professional victimization apart from fear of ridicule, stigma, embarrassment. In May 2016 there was an amendment to the 2013 Act wherein nomenclature was changed from Internal Complaints Committee (ICC) to Internal Committee (IC).The employers and ICs have not made efforts to create assurance in women employees so there is low or no reporting of sexual harassment. Low or zero reporting justifies the passive approach taken by the IC’s.Role of IC is to receive complaints to proactively undertaking prevention initiatives which will create awareness about rights of women employees guaranteed by law and raising their confidence to report incidents of sexual harassment. This will help break silence and enhance reporting of sexual harassment.
Psychoactive drugs like alcohol, stimulants nicotine and caffeine are chemical substances that, alters perception, mood or consciousness of a person. These three psychoactive drugs are worldwide consumed and are considered recreational drugs since they are used for pleasure rather than medicinal purposes. Other recreational drugs include hallucinogens, opiates and amphetamine and some are also used in spiritual or religious settings. They can cause addiction and have side effects. Many recreational drugs are illicit and international treaties such as the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs exist for the purpose of their prohibition.