The Heinous Offence of Rape has been dealt with under the Indian Penal Code, not as a mere provision with limited scope but has acquired a very wide dimension in terms of its definition as well as scope. The rape laws in India have evolved with time due to the growing brutality of this barbaric crime in the country. The provision has seen important amendments over the years on the recommendation and suggestion of various Law Commission Reports and various landmark judgments highlighting the growing need for a much more stringent law to curb the gravity of the offence of rape.
Even though the IPC was codified in the year 1860 i.e. about 160 years ago with provisions considered very stringent in terms of the punishments laid down for different offences therein, it has somewhere failed to achieve its purpose. The ever-increasing number of such offences being committed in society is the best evidence of its shortcomings. The gravity and brutality of the offence has drawn concerns from all quarters yet the offence has continued unabated, with abysmally low conviction rates, even lighter and sometimes, erratic sentencing patterns and unsympathetic treatment of its victims.
This book is an attempt to bring into perspective, the reason for the increase in the number of rape cases in India and the lacunae in the practice of such a stringent law. This book is a collection of scholarly articles by authors from various domains of law and they have provided a narration of the Anti-Rape Laws prevailing in the country.
The subject has been dealt with comprehensively while describing the historical influences in the laws. The journey of the entire development of the law has been traced by taking into focus the shifting concerns and growing need for the amendment of the provisions. The numerous legislative amendments redefining the offence, enhancing punishment, and procedural aspects have been discussed. The judicial developments through landmark precedents laid by various courts have also been discussed in length to show the adversity of the crime and the need for looking into the law due to the practical shortcomings in the law. Appropriate references to international developments and municipal laws of nations have been provided in order to give a comparative treatment to the subject. Emerging issues in rape laws in India and practicable suggestions find a place in the book. Overall, it attempts an informative and critical study of the subject from diverse perspectives.
Rape is the fourth most common crime against women in India. Despite such harsh penalties against it, the gruesome act that has penetrated in the form of Rape has only escalated. This calls for an in-depth analysis so as to ascertain the loopholes in the current law in force. During the process of writing this book, the authors came across shocking events and instances of Rape that show the inhumanity that prevails in the country which is much beyond any law. The most distressing fact was the inhumane conditions that victims have to suffer due to the taboo of Rape and the stigma attached to this crime. Despite going through such a horrific crime the victims rather than receiving proper relief have to undergo severe mental and physical agony.
The inspiration for this book was derived from the fact that India is a democratic country with a robust legal framework, however, it lacks a stringent legal enforcement mechanism due to which such a gruesome and barbaric act of inhumanity is on the rise. The objective of the book is to bring in the view of the readers the various aspects of Anti-Rape Laws in India, the evolution of the rape laws in the country, the need for gender-neutral laws by criminalizing Male Rape, the growing cases of Marital Rape, and need for making a law against it, prevailing misuse of anti-rape laws and majorly looking at the practicality of the law as contrary to how it is laid down in the statute.
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