Artificial Intelligence and its impact on the Indian legal system

Artificial Intelligence [AI] is defined as a computer system which is able to perform tasks that ordinarily require human intelligence. It is a technology that is affecting our daily lives in an extremely positive manner, it has completely evolved the standard of living, it takes part in our day to day lives, like setting a reminder for a meeting, or reading an article or news on the internet, in future we expect the growth and spread of AI on the entire database industry. It has modified the way of interaction between one another.


Artificial intelligence has touched upon almost all the fields, and its effect and importance in the legal world are growing every day. However, the Indian legal system has not seen much innovation in terms of technology, and the lawyers are still comfortable relying on the methods designed years ago.

Artificial intelligence is expected to play a challenging and big part in changing the way lawyers operate and the way how the law is looked at in India. Artificial intelligence can help in making the contract review more accurate and lead to a data-driven approach in the practice, it will make the legal work more efficient. It is believed that when lawyers will be enabled by technology, they will be more productive. It will allow lawyers to complete more work with higher accuracy with less haste and stress and they will be able to perform more complex work and better dealing with the clients.

Artificial Intelligence and its impact on the Indian legal system

It can evolve the process of legal research, the Indian legal system is vast and dynamic, and hence for legal research a reasonable and significantly large number of man-hours are required, this obviously decreases the efficiency of the firm, an artificial intelligence platform can get the same research done within seconds. AI sectors will make the legal sector more efficient and client-friendly.

The nature of the legal system in India is manual, the entire process is done manually and some of the senior advocates of the country are reluctant towards the concept of artificial intelligence and believe in their traditional methods. However, AI is known for its time-saving nature for both clients and lawyers.


Six major fields in which AI can be useful on a legal platform:

  1. Review a contract
  2. Predicting probable outcome
  3. Legal analysis
  4. Electronic billing
  5. Intellectual property
  6. Automation of documentation

At present, India’s point of view on AI is at an infant stage, however, it is gradually moving towards it and there is still a scope of the advancement of AI in the Indian legal industry.

Artificial Intelligence and its impact on the Indian legal system


The legal profession includes various tasks like analysis, research, decision making, and representation, and all of these tasks cannot be automated, it can reduce the working hours for a lawyer and also considerably reduce the efforts and make the lawyers result-oriented, but clearly cannot replace a lawyer. The legal industry in India is still developing and there is yet a lot more growth to see. Artificial intelligence will make the lawyers more efficient, accurate, result-oriented, productive, and client-friendly.

The following three things are most likely to happen with the growth of Artificial intelligence in the field of law:-

  1. A few tasks will be eliminated, those involving research of documents or other databases.
  2. Job opportunities will be created, those with managing and developing AI and reviewing the work.
  3. Lawyers will be free from the tedious task of gathering the data, analysis and advising the clients.
Artificial Intelligence and its impact on the Indian legal system


Cybersecurity is not just a problem of the IT sector, cyber crimes are increasing rapidly despite enough security measures. Cybersecurity has a very significant part in the field of information technology. Cybercrime laws need to change and evolve to keep up with the trends of cybercrime. One main problem that arises is that the legal system of India is one of the oldest in the whole world and the second problem is that the victim and the culprit don’t necessarily fall under the same jurisdiction, so at times the cyber law of one region may permit the crime whereas cyber laws of another region may not identify the act as a crime.

We need stricter cybercrime laws and cybersecurity. The growth of artificial intelligence has led to data theft. There are a number of access points to a network and the security of these points aren’t high enough and hence increases the risk of a cyber attack. Basically, artificial intelligence cannot be used alone, it needs an expert or a trainer, which will help the AI to stay a step ahead of cybercrimes.


The growth of artificial intelligence has enabled cyber crimes and the increasing cyber crimes are becoming an issue of concern. The use of artificial intelligence is inseparable from the lives of human. To imagine a world without AI is almost impossible, it has a major impact on our lives, and hence to avoid cybercrimes, abolishing the use of artificial intelligence is not an option. However, cyber crimes have become common and daily news things for all of us, across the world. There is an area of interaction between artificial intelligence cyber crimes and cyber laws which is growing with the growth in technology. There is a need for an effective cyber legal framework to deal with artificial intelligence cyber crimes. There is a possibility that the crimes are going to increase and evolve in the coming times. We need to identify the practical challenges which are likely to come in our way for the framing of the effective cyber legal framework.