The Constitution (One Hundred and Twenty-Sixth) Amendment Act amended Article 334 of the Constitution to extend the period of the reservation in the Parliament for SC and STs for a period of 10 years while simultaneously declaring that the reservations for Anglo Indians shall cease to exist.
The Article now reads:
“Notwithstanding anything in the foregoing provisions of this Part [Part XVI], the provisions of this Constitution relating to—
(a) the reservation of seats for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes in the House of the People and in the Legislative Assemblies of the States;
(b) the representation of the Anglo Indian community in the House of the People and in the Legislative Assemblies of the States by nomination,
shall cease to have an effect on the expiration of a period of “eighty years in respect of clause (a) and seventy years in respect of clause (b) from the commencement of this Constitution”
Anglo Indians are citizens of mixed ancestry – European and Indian, who have a male ancestor of the British lineage. They were represented by 2 seats on the Lok Sabha who were nominated by the President. With the repeal of this reservation, there have been widespread protests by the Anglo-Indians.
The Bill was passed by both houses of the Parliament and signed by the President on January, 21st. It is set to come into force from January 25th, 2020.