Initially as per the act only the person who has been the Chief Justice of India can be a chairperson of the NHRC. But the bill amends the Protection of Human rights act 1993 to provide that a person who has been CJI, or a judge of supreme court can be the chairman of the NHRC.
Also the amendment proposes to enable any person who has
been a judge of High court to be the chairperson of SHRC.
Initially the act provided that only two members
who have knowledge of human rights to be appointed as members of NHRC, but
now it has been increased to three and at
least one of them being a female.
This bill also reduces the terms of office
members and chairpersons of NHRC and SHRC to three years or the age of seventy
years whichever is earlier, which was previously five years or seventy years
whichever is earlier.
This bill also allows the re-appointment of
chairpersons of NHRC and SHRC.