when we look at the judiciary of India, it is very well organized and systematic. The credits of the formation and relevance of laws dating back to ancient India when Kautilya wrote Arthshastra around 300BC. Manusmriti was compiled between 200BC and 100AD. Thus, the various sources of law relied upon by kings at that time were shrutis, smritis, puranas, dharma sutras, etc. And the study of these memorable books is evidence that in ancient India we had a well-developed and sophisticated system of administration of justice. Sir William Jones, who came to India in 1774 as one of the first judges of the Supreme Court of judicature of Bengal, learned Sanskrit and undertook an authoritative translation of Manusmriti.
It seemed yesterday, when we were under the British crown until the midnight of August 14 of 1947, when the first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru announced during his speech about our freedom from the 190 years of British rule. When the whole world was sleeping, undivided Bharat was awakening out of joy of being free. That day, the Aazaan of Muslims and the bell of temples were heard at the same time. But, no one got offended, because, irrespective of religions, the prayers were heard.
Judicial reform is the complete or partial political reform of a country’s judiciary. Judicial reform is often done as a part of wider reform of the country’s political system or a legal reform. Judges in democratic countries are independent and impartial. An independent and impartial judiciary and a speedy and efficient system are the very essence of civilization.