In the spirit of promoting transparency and accountability within the government and to curb malpractices at the part of the Government, the RTI Act covers various departments. While almost all the departments and bodies controlled or funded by the Central Government (even at the state level) are covered under the Act, departments funded by the State Governments are accessible only in those States which have State RTIs.
Departments dealing with defence and national security, however, do not fall under the purview of RTI. This includes bodies like National Security Guard, the Intelligence Bureau, and Border Security Force, etc. The state of Jammu and Kashmir is also exempted from the RTI Act.
An RTI application can be filed in one of three ways:
1. Online: Visit rtionline.gov.in and login to file an RTI.
2. Via post: Send your application to the concerned department via speed post or registered post.
3. In person: Visit the Public Information Officer of the concerned department and he/she will guide you further.
For instance, if you reside in Bengaluru and have queries about the water supply in your area, you can approach the municipal body in charge of supplying water to your area (in this case, the Bangalore Water Supply and Sewerage Board), either at their office or through their website.
How do I file an RTI application?
2. Write a simple, to-the-point application form detailing your questions clearly.
3. Pay the fee of Rs. 10. The payment can be made via Demand Draft or Indian Postal Order or can even be submitted to the treasury. Proof of payment (such as challans and receipts) must be enclosed with the application. Online options for the payment are also available here.
4. Submit the application either via post, online or in person.
When can I expect a response to my RTI request?
By law, RTIs must be replied to within 30 days. In fact, in life and death cases, RTIs must be responded to within 48 hours.
The Honourable Supreme Court of India in its landmark judgement has allowed for the full disclosure of exam answer copies to the applicant. Evaluated answer sheet now falls under the definition of “information” under the powerful Right to Information(RTI) Act.
This judgement is a welcome step for the lakhs of students who receive wrong results due to negligence of examining bodies or their members. All the exams conducted by government bodies, including all those by individual state and central governments are covered by this law.
The Court clarified that the duty of these Public Authorities is to allow maximum disclosure, which is the vision for the RTI Act. Various Examination Conducting Bodies need to comply with this law and include provisions to provide copies to students regarding their answer-sheets, merit-lists, cutoffs and inspection of answer copies. Few Examination bodies coming under the law which conduct exams for lakhs of applicants are Public Service Commissions, Universities, CBSE and other boards, professional bodies like ICAI. If you are not happy with your exam results, now You can get Copies of your Evaluated Answer Sheets of Exams like UPSC, RRB, LIC AAO, SSC etc, and all State Government exams like TET, UPPSC, MPSC etc. In effect, all the examinations conducted by any institution in India come under this law.
This Act can be extremely beneficial to the student community by allowing such transparency. A student in any university or school can demand inspection of his answer script and also take its certified copies.There are many decisions and discussions on obtaining evaluated answer copies under RTI.
There are no one set of rules or standards that apply in examination evaluation by Universities or Education Boards. There is no countrywide accepted norms or any legal rights for the students over fraudulent practices or biased marking. This has created nightmares for millions of bright students and destroyed the future or promising students across India. Maintaining and Giving Answer Copies may be extra workload for the educational institution, but it is not a reasonable excuse to deny this information under RTI. Evaluated answer copies have to be open to the public to ensure transparency in our education system. Any student who got unexpected low marks or failed even after answering questions properly, is a grieved citizen. This student can demand to inspect his results so that the evaluators cannot use unjustified means to act against any student.